The European Union has seven institutions, as set out by the Treaty of Lisbon. But who represents the UK in each? Read on to find out!
#1 – European Parliament
The UK is represented by 73 Members of the European Parliament; 24 from UKIP, 20 from Labour, 19 from the Conservative Party, 3 from the Green Party, 2 from the Scottish National Party, and one a piece from Sinn Féin, Plaid Cymru, the Liberal Democrats, the Democratic Unionist Party, and the Ulster Unionist Party. On the map above, it doesn’t look a lot, but the UK is allocated almost a tenth of the MEPs (73 out of 751).
#2 – European Council
The European Council is made up of Heads of State and Heads of Government from Member States. The United Kingdom sends Prime Minister David Cameron to sit on the European Council.
#3 – Council of the European Union
This is the most difficult to say as it will depend on the configuration of the Council of the EU currently being used. In the widest possible terms, it will be one of the above people, depending on who is appropriate to the configuration. To read more about the Council of the EU and the configurations, click here.
#4 – European Commission
To the European Commission, we send Jonathan Hill, Baron Hill of Oadeford, Commissioner for Financial Stability, Financial Services and the Capital Markets Union.
#5 – Court of Justice of the European Union
The CJEU is split into three different branches – the European Court of Justice, the General Court, and the Civil Service Tribunal.
To the highest, the European Court of Justice, we send Christopher Vadja QC.
To the General Court, we sent Ian Stewart Forrester QC.
The Civil Service Tribunal only consists of seven members; the UK does not have a member sat on it.
#6 – European Central Bank
To the General Council of the European Central Bank, we send Bank of England Governor Mark Carney. As the United Kingdom isn’t a member of the Eurozone, Carney is the only representation the UK has within the ECB.
#7 – European Court of Auditors
To the European Court of Auditors, we send Phil Wynn Owen. The structure of the ECA means that each Member State sends one member to the Court. He sits in Chamber II of the ECA.
To read more in the Referendum Watch series, click here